Il meme 2.0 ha prodotto articolazioni concettuali le più svariate – la library 2.0 è ormai di pubblico dominio tra gli information professional, ma per esempio recentemente mi sono imbattuta negli statement dell’e-learning 2.0, del business 2.0, della economia della conoscenza 2.0 e così via.
Ellyssa Kroski, nel sempre sorprendente InfoTangle, dedica una riflessione al concetto di community 2.0, ovvero a quelle forme di coesistenza virtual-tecnologica rese possibili grazie agli strumenti di condivisione della conoscenza propri del web 2.0.
“Community 2.0 is about user-generated content and collaboration. It is a contribution culture. It is all the more prevalent because our community now comes with us through our handhelds, our phones, our laptops. It is mobile, it is ubiquitous, and it is continuous computing. Community is the new king”.
E, passando all’elencazione sociologica delle tipologie di comunità, vediamo che “There are several different types of web-based communities that have emerged online:
- Communities of Interest: These communities evolve and revolve around shared interests such as music, videos, or other subject matter. These are the Myspace, YouTube, and TagWorld sites-types. Users exchange, produce, and consume information as well as share a public space with like-minded members.
- Communities of Practice: This community type shares and produces knowledge and information within a professional network. The social site LinkedIn as well as the community of librarian blogs known as the biblioblogosphere would both be considered communities of practice.
- Goal-Oriented Communities of Interest: When users share a tangible goal as well as an area of interest, they gather in a goal-oriented community of interest. The best example of this would be the Wikipedia.
- Learner’s Communities: These communities encompass those who share a similar educational goal. They are the often-times private networks of students enrolled in particular classes. These could include course management sites, message boards or new Web 2.0 elearning sites such as Nuuvo or Instructables.
Mentre, sempre secondo la Kroski, le attività che i partecipanti delle varie comunità condividono sono raggruppabili in ben 17 categorie:
- User Ratings
- P2P File Sharing
- Content Sharing
- User Comments
- User Profiles
- Most Popular Lists
- Open Source Software
- Internet Forums
- Mobile Communities
In conclusione è possibile affermare che “Community 2.0 fosters sharing, collaboration, and consumer-created content. It promotes group conversation and input. Community 2.0 is an organic, bottom-up phenomenon enabling users to author their own environments.”